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HiSilicon, which was founded in 2004, has designed chip

ipsets like Kirin, which has been used in Huawei’s high-end smartphones. In addition to server chips, th

e company has also developed chips for base stations, basebands and chipsets powered by artificial intelligence.

“From chips to its self-developed operating system, Huawei has

long been preparing for independent research and development in core technologies. It has the abil

ity to adjust to changes in the global market,” said Xiang Ligang, director-general of the Information Consumption Alliance.

Huawei has also made preparations with core chipsets. Existing s

tocks are thought to provide the company with a buffer of six months to a year, he said.

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Mired in Brexit deadlock and forced to delay Britain’s M

 March 29 exit from the EU, May’s Conservatives suffered major losses in local election

s this month and are trailing in opinion polls before May 23 European Parliament elections.

With Labour and Brexit-supporting rebels in the Conservatives p

lanning to vote against her deal, it is unlikely to be approved as things stand.

Pro-Brexit Conservative lawmakers were unimpressed with May’s failure to set a firm date to quit. One, who declined to be na

med, described it as “yet further procrastination which is causing appalling damage to the Conservative Party.”

Another, Andrew Bridgen, said May was “an increasingly beleaguered and isolated prim

e minister who is desperate to salvage something from her premiership and is prepared to drive thro

ugh an agreement that would fatally hamstring any future prime minister in negotiations with the EU.”

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The reform and opening-up policies are exactly the ki

inds of market-driven reforms needed to make this happen. The Chinese government is investing heavily in resear

ch and development, but it should be noted that the R&D spending as a percentage of GDP is still lower than that of the US.

Nobody likes competition against themselves. So, it must be admitted that China’s transition to a high-tech, high-

value-added economy will come as a shock to many companies around the world. The US economy, which has about 7

percent of GDP in high-tech manufacturing, will be lightly affected by this change.

On the other hand, advanced manufacturing contributes around 20 percent of GDP in Sout

h Korea, Japan, Germany and a few smaller European countries. They will be much more directly affected.

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Bioethics experts call for more oversightand

Four leading ethics scholars in China are urging government authorities to intensify their supervision over scientific resea

rch to reduce the chances of unethical use of biomedical technologies involving gene editing and stem cells.

The appeal, published in the journal Nature on Wednesday, referen

ced a major ethical scandal in November, when a Chinese scientist announced he had pro

duced the world’s first twin human babies whose genes were altered to make them immune to HIV.

Hundreds of Chinese scientists voiced opposition and questioned the safety and effectivene

ss of the procedure following the announcement by He Jiankui, 35, who was an associate professor at So

uthern University of Science and Technology in Shenzhen, Guangdong province.

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hina’s growth a source of hope for allong proclaimi

With Chairman Mao Zedong proclaiming the founding of the People’s Republic of China on

Oct 1, 1949, the Chinese people began leaving behind a century of colonial humiliation and building a new life.

What remains poorly understood by the wider world even seven decades later is how dire were

the conditions in China during those days. While China sustained its triumph, Chinese people’s living stan

dard 70 years ago was barely 5 percent relative to their counterparts in the United States.

It was a dire starting point.

Transitions that raised China’s living standard

In the late 1970s, Deng Xiaoping introduced “reform and opening-up” policies

and established special economic zones, which ultimately facilitated China’s entry int

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China welcomes financial institutions around the worl

 to participate in financing Belt and Road projects, Xi said, adding that multiple participants will bring common benefits.

Xi announced that China will support 5,000 people from innovative sectors in Belt and Road

countries in conducting exchanges, training programs and joint research in the next five years.

Xi called for joint efforts to facilitate trade and investment and oppose protectio

nism, saying that the flow of products, funds, technology and people can propel forces for economic growth.

According to Xi, more than 150 countries and internat

ional organizations have signed cooperation documents to jointly build the Belt and Road.

The BRI has opened new space for global economic growth and

built a new platform for international trade and investment, Xi said.

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All these questions need answers. The draft amendment

comes in time because, if passed, it will provide better regulations of the gene-editing activities over embryos.

Besides, the draft law did not list clearly the definition of gene-edited em

bryos. Technically speaking, if a fertilized egg is genetically edited and grows into an embr

yo, the total process should be considered gene-editing of embryo and put under the regulation of the law.

Zhang Dake, an associate researcher at Beijing Institute of Genomics, Chinese Academy of Sciences

In the past, “health rights” mainly referred to the right to stay healthy and free from injuries. T

he draft amendment this time follows the latest progresses in genetic technologies by extending its defin

ition to cover genetic resources, and will be a guiding principle for relevant disputes in the future.

More importantly, the civil code is a guiding law for all laws in the ci

vil sector. If the draft amendment passes, more related laws, regulations as well as sta

ndards will be amended or drafted in the future, which is a major progress in legislation.

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Four public holidays in 2018, namely the Spring Fest

ival, Tomb-sweeping Day, May Day and Dragon Boat Festival, all saw a marked increase in the number of domestic tourists.

During the three-day Tomb-sweeping Day holiday that ende

d on April 7, the number of domestic tourists reached 112 million, a 10.9 increase year-on-year.

Apart from sightseeing, more Chinese tourists now opt to exp

erience the cultural essence of their destinations by visiting local museums.

Over the past three years, visitors to Chinese museums have been growing by about 100 mi

llion each year, Liu Yuzhu, head of the National Cultural Heritage Administration, told reporters earlier this year.

During the week-long Spring Festival Holiday in 2019, more than 40 percent of the 415 milli

on domestic tourists visited museums, a report from the China Tourism Academy showed.

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trade hitting $682 billion last year, said Zhang Min

 head of the Chinese Mission to the EU. So far, 22 European countries have signed memorandums of understanding with Chi

na to promote the Belt and Road Initiative, with Italy and Luxembourg the most recent examples, he said.

Chen Fengying, a senior researcher at the China Institutes of Contemporary International

Relations, said that Li’s European trip is to further enhance high-level exchanges and political trust between

China and the EU, following President Xi Jinping’s visit to Italy, Monaco and France last month.

Both sides support the multilateral trading system and face challenges posed by risin

g protectionism and unilateralism to economic globalization and multilateralism, Chen said. On the global geopoliti

cal stage, China is developing at a very fast pace with an enormous economic scale, Chen said.

“As a huge market, China has reiterated its opening-up (policy) to the ou

tside world, including to European countries. Therefore, both sides should strengthen cooper

ation and exchanges in areas such as trade, investment and the Belt and Road Initiative,” she said.

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Four-day May Day holiday offers best of both the worlds

Editor’s Note: The May Day holiday this year would be extended to four days. When Premier Li Keqiang was asked at a news con

ference during the recent second session of the 13th National People’s Congress whether China would res

ume the May Day golden week holiday, he said relevant departments were studying the issue and would serio

usly consider the public’s opinions before making a decision. What effects will a four-day holiday have on the people and

the economy? Two experts share their views on the issue with China Daily’s Liu Jianna. Excerpts follow:

Holiday answers people‘s appeals

The four-day holiday will, to a large extent, meet Chinese people’s require

ments for a better life, including the growing desire to enjoy quality longer vacations both at home and abroad.

There have been calls for longer holidays ever since the May Day golden

week holiday was reduced to three days. And the extension of the May Day holiday to four

days this year suggests the government has been taking public opinions into serious consideration.

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