ourage the innovation of original technologie

 and enhance intellectual property right protection, Xi said. He called on

the governments to build a stable, fair and transparent business environment, and to he

lp private enterprises and small and medium-sized companies to address their difficulties in finance.

Governments in the central region should attract advanced manufacturing enterprises moved from the coastal reg

ion, take part in Belt and Road international cooperation, enhance the protection of the environment, create m

ore jobs for poverty reduction and make relevant policies to support the rise of the central region, Xi said.

hina will further open and reform its markets, as well as facilitate a predictable busin

ess environment to help companies improve their ability to respond to risks, said the Ministry of Commerce.

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Trump must turn over financial records to House, judge rules

A federal judge in Washington ruled Monday against President Donald Trump in a financial records dispute with Congress.

US District Judge Amit Mehta, who was appointed by President Barack Obama, said T

rump cannot block a House subpoena of financial records. He sai

d the Democratic-led House committee seeking the information has said it belie

ves the documents would help lawmakers consider strengthening ethics and disclosure laws, among other things.

The committee’s reasons were “valid legislative purposes,” Mehta said, and it was not for hi

m “to question whether the Committee’s actions are truly motivated by political considerations.”

The decision comes amid a widespread effort by the White House and the preside

nt’s lawyers to refuse to cooperate with congressional requests for information and records.

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The US’ trade deficit stems from its extremely low natio

nal savings rate and has to be compensated by other countries’ national savings, which in tu

rn adds to the trade deficit. On the other hand, China’s efficiency in the manufacturing industry makes it a lar

ge exporter of manufactured goods to the US and helps it sustain its high savings rate.

A high growth rate means higher trade deficit for US

Given that the US economy is driven by domestic demand, consumpt

ion in particular, instead of exports, a high rate of ec

onomic growth will widen the trade deficit, as it would have to import more products than it exports. In such a sit

uation, the implementation of large-scale infrastructure construction projects would further increase the trade deficit.

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he premier attached great importance to such measur

asures as reducing the rate of the value-added tax, increasing the

tax exemption for research costs and reforming individual income tax.

The measures should not only ease the tax burden for manufacturing com

panies but also reduce taxes for construction enterprises, which provide a great num

ber of jobs, Li said, adding that all industries should be covered by the benefits of tax cuts.

Li pledged more efforts to urge government departments and State-owned e

nterprises to pay off their debts so that the effects of tax reduction are not diminished.

The government will take further measures to deepen reform and opening-up, en

courage innovation and entrepreneurship and promote fair competition, Li said, adding that com

panies should also seize the opportunity to promote high-quality growth.

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Boosting rural areas will help solve dilemmas of ove

rcrowding and rampant construction plaguing cities, and the development of cities will also offer unique ways to bring about rural revitalization,” Chen said.

“As restrictions on hukou will gradually be removed, cities need to be well-prepared to offer

accommodation and employment opportunities, and allow children of migrant workers to have equal access to education,” Chen added.

China has made steady progress in urbanization, as the ranks of permanent urban r

esidents stood at 831 million at the end of 2018, up 17.9 million from the previous year, said the National Bureau of Statistics.

Last month, the National Development and Reform Commission said it

plans to increase the urbanization rate by at least 1 percentage point by the end of this year.

Shen Chi, vice-director of the China Center for Urban Development, said the government’s new

plan will help foster high-quality and sustainable economic development across the nation.

“Relaxing the hukou policy will be a key step in promoting the free flow of labor across

the nation,” Shen said. “A systematic consideration and arrangement of the integratio

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The company will consider adding employees, resear

rch and field development resources to expand in the Chinese market over the coming years, he said.

Ministry of Commerce spokesman Gao Feng said last month that the t

wo countries’ negotiating teams are hashing out the text of a deal, including an enfo

rcement mechanism, based on mutual respect and benefit. Both countries, the world’s two biggest eco

nomies, have been intensifying their consultations and aiming to break the deadlock in a timely manner.

In the ninth round of trade consultations, negotiators discussed tec

hnology transfers, protection of intellectual property rights, non-tariff measures, the servi

ce sector, agriculture, trade imbalances and enforcement mechanisms.

Trade between China and the US amounted to 815.86 billion yuan ($121.7 billion) i

n the first quarter of the year, an 11 percent year-on-year decline, according to the General Administration of Cus

toms. In March, Sino-US trade climbed 0.1 percent to 291.35 billion yuan, according to the administration.

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investment in environment-friendly urban mas

 transit. According to NBS preliminary estimates, the share of consumption of clean energy such as natural gas, hydropo

wer, nuclear power and wind power in total energy consumption in the first quarter was 1.5 percentage points hi

gher than that of the same period last year. Energy consumption per unit of GDP went down by 2.7 percent year-on-year.

Total investment in fixed aassets grew by 6.3 percent, with private invest

ment growing at 6.4 percent, slightly faster than the overall number. This is es

pecially significant in the light of last year’s fears that private investment in the econo

my might collapse. So, the government’s efforts to strengthen the private sector appear to have borne fruit.

Investment in high-tech manufacturing rose by 11.4 percent and investme

nt in high-tech services rose 19.3 percent, both far higher than overall investment gro]

wth. This shows that the shift toward advanced manufacturing and services is well underway.

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ent Xi Jinping speaks at the opening ceremony of the

hina will increase imports of goods and services on a larger scale. China will further lower its tariff rates.

China not to adopt beggar-thy-neighbor currency devaluation

China will continue to improve the exchange rate formation mechanism of its curren

cy, the renminbi, and keep the exchange rate generally stable on a reasonable and balanced level.

China establishes mechanism for fulfilling international agreements

China attaches great importance to the establishment of a constrain

t mechanism for the fulfillment and implementation of international agreements, and the modi

fication and improvement of laws and regulations in accordance with the need of further opening-up.

Fair treatment to Chinese enterprises, students, scholars abroad called for

All countries should create a sound investment environment, and treat Chinese e

nterprises, students and scholars abroad as equals. All countries should provide a fair and friendly envir

onment for them to carry out normal international exchanges and cooperation.

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Taylor said the US will ultimately “pay the price for

this”, in the form of an incomplete and inaccurate understanding of China by barring scholars wh

o have great familiarity with US politics and policymaking and have the ear of Chinese officials.

Douglas H. Paal, vice-president of the Asia Program at the Carn

egie Endowment for International Peace, said it appears that the scholars who best unders

tand the US and communicate well with China’s leaders are being denied visas or threatened with denial.

“I don’t see how this is in America’s interest,” Paal said.

Some US media have mentioned that China also denies visas to

US academics, but Taylor and Paal said that has not been

their experience when applying for Chinese visas to visit China for academic exchanges.

In a news conference on Thursday, when asked if China rejected a visa application fr

om an adviser to US President Donald Trump, Foreign Ministry spokesman Lu Kang

said Chinese embassies and consulates overseas always handle visa applications according to law.

China welcomes cultural exchanges between China and the US an

d will actively promote mutual understanding between the two countries, Lu said.

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On investment, members of the cooperation mechan

nism will provide a fair and just environment and a level playing

field for foreign companies doing business in their own countries by upholding the principl

es of mutual respect, mutual benefit and fair competition, according to the guidelines.

On the role and significance of China-CEEC cooperation, the guidelines said the mechan

ism constitutes an important part of Europe-China relationship and complements the EU-China Compre

hensive Strategic Partnership and the EU-China 2020 Strategic Agenda for Cooperation.

Reaffirming their commitment to deepening their partnership for peace, growth, reform a

nd civilization, the participants to the leaders’ meeting expressed their support for the early conclu

sion of an ambitious EU-China Comprehensive Agreement on Investment, said the guidelines.

On the Belt and Road Initiative, the participants said they recognize the importance

of the initiative and the EU Strategy on Connecting Europe and Asia and welcome forging synergies between them.

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